Logic in the Torah

A Thematic Compilation by Avi Sion

Main References


M. Abraham, D. Gabbay and U. Schild.  Analysis of the Talmudic Argumentum A Fortiori Inference Rule (Kal-Vachomer) using Matrix Abduction.  Studia Logica 92(3): 281-364 (2009).

Al-Ghazali, Abu Hamid.  Al-Qistas al-mustaqim (The Correct Balance).  Trans. Richard J. McCarthy.  Boston: Twayne, 1980.

Aristotle.  The Works of Aristotle.  Ed. William David Ross.  Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, 1952.

Arnaldez, Roger.  Fakhr al-Din al-Razi: Commentateur du Coran et philosophe.  Paris: Vrin, 2002.

Bentwich, Norman.  Hellenism.  Philadelphia: Jewish, 1919.

Bar-Zeev, Haï.  Une lecture juive du Coran.  Paris: Berg, 2005.

Chernick, Michael. ed.  Essential Papers on the Talmud. New York: NYU Press, 1994.

Cohen, Rev. Dr. A., ed.  The Soncino Books of the Bible.  London: Soncino, 1949 (Samuel), 1950 (Kings).

Cohen, Rev. Dr. A., ed.  The Soncino Chumash: The Five Books of Moses with Haphtaroth.  2nd ed.  London: Soncino, 1983.

Concordantiae Hebraicae atque Chaldaicae.  Ed. Dr. Solomon Mandelkern.  Jerusalem: Shocken, 1955.

Dictionary of Philosophy.  London: Pan, 1979.

Encyclopaedia Judaica.  Jerusalem: Keter, 1972.[1]

Encyclopaedia Judaica.  Ed. Michael Berenbaum and Fred Skolnik.  2nd ed. Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2007.

Encyclopedie Philosophique Universelle.  II. Les notions philosophiques: Dictionnaire.  Paris: PU de France, 1990.

Goltzberg, Stefan.  “The A Fortiori Argument In The Talmud.”  In: Judaic Logic, ed. Andrew Schumann.  Piscataway, N.J.: Gorgias, 2010.

Hallaq, Wael B.  A History of Islamic Legal Theories: An Introduction to Sunni usul al-fiqh. Cambridge: UP, 1997.

Jacobs, Louis.  Rabbinic Thought in the Talmud.  London: Vallentine Mitchell, 2005.

Joseph, Horace William Brindley.  Introduction to Logic.  2nd ed. rev.  Oxford: Clarendon, 1916.

Koran, The.  Trans. by John Medows Rodwell (1861, 2nd ed. 1876).  Seattle, Wash.: Kindle, 2011.

Lalande, Pierre André.  Vocabulaire technique et critique de la philosophie.  Paris: Alcan, 1926.  Paris: PUF, 1972.

Lewittes, Mendell.  Principles and Development of Jewish Law.  USA: Bloch, 1987.

Maccoby, Hyam.  The Mythmaker: Paul and the Invention of Christianity.  London: Weidenfeld, 1986.

Maïmonide.  Terminologie Logique (Makala fi sana’at al mantik – Milot haHigayon).  Trans. Moise Ventura.  Paris: Librairie Philosophique, 1935.  Reprinted, 1982.

Maimonides, Moses.  Guide for the Perplexed.  Trans. M. Friedlander. 2nd ed.  New York: Pardes, 1946.[2]

Malbim, R. Meir Leibush.  Malbim on Mishley: the Commentary of Rabbi Meir Leibush Malbim on the Book of Proverbs.  Trans. R. Charles Wengrov and Avivah Gottlieb Zornberg.  Jerusalem: Feldheim, 1982.

McWhorter, John.  The Power of Babel: A Natural History of Language.  London: Heinemann, 2002.

Neusner, Jacob.  Rabbinic Literature: An Essential Guide.  Nashville, Tenn.: Abingdon, 2005.

New Testament, The Revised King James.  Ed. Brad Haugaard.  Seattle, Wash.: Kindle, 2008.

Quinton, Anthony.  Francis Bacon.  Past Masters.  Gen. ed. Keith Thomas.  Oxford: Oxford UP, 1980.

Schechter, Solomon.  Selected Writings.  Oxford: East and West Library, 1946.

Schwarz, Adolf.  Der Hermeneutische Syllogismus in der Talmudischen, Litteratur.  Vienna: Israelitisch-Theologischen Lehranstalt, 1901.

Shereshevsky, Esra.  Rashi: The Man and His World.  New York: Sepher-Hermon, 1982.

Soncino Babylonian Talmud.  Ed. Rabbi Dr. I. Epstein.  London: Soncino, 1952.

Steinsaltz, R. Adin.  The Talmud. The Steinsaltz Edition. A Reference Guide.  Trans. and ed. R. Israel V. Berman.  New York: Random, 1989.

The Encyclopedia of Philosophy.  New York: Macmillan, 1967.

The Jerusalem Bible: The Holy Scriptures.  Jerusalem: Koren, 1992.

The Metsudah Tehillim.  Trans. Rabbi Avrohom Davis.  New York: Metsudah, 1983.

The New Encyclopaedia Britannica: Macropaedia.  1989 ed.

Windelband, Wilhelm.  History of Ancient Philosophy.  Trans. H. E. Cushman, from 2nd German ed.  New York: Dover, 1956.

Wiseman, Allen Conan.  A Contemporary Examination of the A Fortiori Argument Involving Jewish Traditions.  Waterloo, Ont.: University of Waterloo, 2010.


(Some additional references are mentioned in footnotes. Note that the above list is not meant as a bibliography, but simply details the books referred to within the text.)



[1]           Occasionally here referred to as Enc. Jud. or E.J.

[2]           Maimonides is also known as the Rambam, an acrostic of his Hebrew name, R. Moshe ben Maimon.

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